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The Cathedral of Palma, La Seu, the jewel of city is located by the sea in the Old Town Palma.
It is also called the Cathedral of Mallorca and is the main religious building on the island. It consists of a Levantine Gothic style temple built on the shore of the bay of Palma. It overlooks the sea on the Roman and Renaissance walls that protected the city, being the only Gothic cathedral. It also consists of the headquarters of the diocese of Mallorca, its holder is the Assumption of Mary.
In 1931 it was declared a Historic-artistic Monument. In addition, it is the cathedral with the largest rose window in the Gothic world, largest original rose window of all European Gothic cathedrals (13 meters in diameter), since there are cathedrals with larger rose windows (15m) but they belong to the Neo-Gothic era, and also one of those with the highest nave among the European Gothic-style cathedrals. The building is huge, its vault reaches a height of 45 m only surpassed by the Cathedral of Beauvais 48 m, the highest Gothic cathedral in the world and slightly less than the height of the Cathedral of Milan 45 m, it exceeds the Cathedral from Cologne 43 m. The building covers 6,655 m². The interior volume is 160,000 m³.
Its construction began in 1229, after the conquest of the island by the Crown of Aragon. King Jaime I, decided to demolish the old great mosque of Medina Mayurqa to build a great temple dedicated to Santa María after surviving a strong storm during the sea crossing to conquer Mallorca, fulfilling a promise to build a cathedral in veneration for his saved life.